Fiqh of Prayer I

Fiqh of Prayer I

Introduction

Prayer, or Salah as it is called in Arabic, is the means for human beings to communicate with Allah Almighty. It is, in the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him), what distinguishes a believer from a non-believer. In fact, the importance of the 5 daily prayers can be understood from the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) saying: “The prayer is the coolness of my eye.”

The question you should ask yourself is, am I praying correctly? The Prophet, (peace be upon him) instructed us to pray just as he did. So how did he pray exactly? What if I’m running late for something; can I delay the prayer? How do I make up years of missed prayers?

This intensive and detailed unit will answer these very questions and much more. This unit has been designed to enlighten you and teach you about the outer rulings of prayers and its inner spiritual meanings so that you can pray to Allah with both body and heart.


Unit Aims:

  • Understanding the significance of prayer.
  • Understanding how prayer is affected by extenuating circumstances.
  • Understanding the spiritual implications of prayer.
  • Understanding the detailed legal rules of prayer.

What will I learn?

You will learn about:

  • The fundamentals of prayer, its etiquettes, and method based on the Quran and Hadith.
  • What nullifies the prayer and what to do if you forget a part of it.
  • How to pray as a traveller or in a vehicle.
  • The pre-requisites of prayer.
  • Different types of prayers for different occasions, based on the Quran and Hadith.

What will I achieve?

By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

  • Describe the Prophetic method of praying.
  • Evaluate the underlying reasons for some differences regarding the method of prayer.
  • Explain how a traveller prays and the effects of extenuating circumstances.
  • Explain how to make up missed prayers.
  • Explain a variety of other issues related to prayer.

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